palliate.eg.6.: 235-9, 2002.  Thinner needles may be flexible and require tubes for insertion. Acupuncture did not reduce postoperative ileum from standard surgery  40   56, but EA did reduce postoperative ileum and analgesic use after laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer  73 . Studies of the effect of acupuncture on hot flashes in patients treated for cancer Hormone therapy may cause hot flashes in women with breast cancer and men with prostate cancer . Since that time, there has been an explosion of interest in the United States and Europe in the application of the technique of acupuncture to Western medicine. That sham-EA demonstrated greater placebo effects with reduced nocebo effects than pill-placebo  82 also may explain why some acupuncture trials find similar efficacy between active and sham interventions. Further, mice lacking opiate receptors showed low analgesic effect following electro acupuncture EA  52 . Nothing chinese herbal remedies is ever all yin or all yang, both exist in all things, including people. A trial that compared real acupuncture, sham acupuncture, and no acupuncture found that real acupuncture shortened the length of time ileum lasted. pubbed Abstract Alec M, gurgle MS: Acupuncture in the rehabilitation of women after breast cancer surgery--a case series. The most convincing research data on the effects of acupuncture in cancer patients have emerged from studies of the management of chemotherapy induced N/V. Some clinical trials are open only to patients who have not started treatment. Cancer treatment-related symptoms A number of clinical trials support the use of acupuncture in relieving pain, nausea and vomiting, dry mouth, fatigue, and hot flashes resulting from cancer treatments. integer Cancer Theo 13 5: 396-404, 2014.  “Vast” since cancer is not one disease but over 300 different malignancies, each with its own unique histology, patho-physiology, and clinical behaviour. J alter Complement Meg 6 6: 519-25, 2000.  This is deemed necessary for more durable, successful pain control. Ca Anesthesiol 41 6: 621-4, 1993.  Acupuncture treatments are used to promote the flow of Qi to relieve symptoms.

pubbed Abstract Johnston FM, Hays CD, Subramanian K, et al.: Patient education integrated with acupuncture for relief of cancer-related fatigue randomized controlled feasibility study. pubbed Abstract mezzo J, Vickers A, Richardson MA, et al.: Acupuncture-point stimulation for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Federal payers such as Megicare and Medicaid do not generally reimburse for acupuncture treatment. The use of the treatment spread to other Asian countries and to other regions of the world, including to Europe by the 1700s. Complementary Medical Research 5 2: 93-4, 1991. Acupunct Med 24 2: 87-91, 2006. 

acupuncture cancer